Fast Sparse Multipath Channel Estimation with Smooth L0 Algorithm for Broadband Wireless Communication Systems

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Executive Summary

Broadband wireless channels are often time dispersive and become strongly frequency selective in delay spread domain. Commonly, these channels are composed of a few dominant coefficients and a large part of coefficients are approximately zero or under noise floor. To exploit sparsity of Multi-Path Channels (MPCs), there are various methods have been proposed. They are, namely, greedy algorithms, iterative algorithms, and convex program. The former two algorithms are easy to be implemented but not stable; on the other hand, the last method is stable but difficult to be implemented as practical channel estimation problems because of computational complexity. In this paper, the authors introduce a novel channel estimation strategy using Smooth L0 (SL0) algorithm which combines stable and low complexity.

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