Processors

Fast Thread Migration Via Cache Working Set Prediction

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Executive Summary

The most significant source of lost performance when a thread migrates between cores is the loss of cache state. A significant boost in post-migration performance is possible if the cache working set can be moved, proactively, with the thread. This work accelerates thread startup performance after migration by predicting and prefetching the working set of the application into the new cache. It shows that simply moving cache state performs poorly, and that moving the instruction working set can be even more critical than data. This paper demonstrates a technique that captures the access behavior of a thread, summarizes that behavior into a compact form for transfer between cores, and then prefetches appropriate data into the new caches based on the summary.

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