Feasibility, Challenges, and Performance of Wireless Multi-Hop Routing for Feeder Level Communication in a Smart Grid
In a Smart Grid communication network at the power distribution level, several technologies have been suggested to meet communication needs. In this paper, these technologies are compared with an explanation of why wireless communication technologies may be most suitable. Wireless mesh network architecture is proposed to meet communication requirements of the power distribution system. Subsequently, a performance evaluation exploring connectivity and end-to-end delay when routing packets in this mesh architecture is done for the power grid topology. Optimizations are proposed to enhance overall communication performance, with specific recommendations made on node density, antenna transmission power levels, and application data rate.