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Feedback-Directed Page Placement for CcNUMA Via Hardware-Generated Memory Traces

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Executive Summary

Non-Uniform Memory Architectures with cache coherence (ccNUMA) are becoming increasingly common, not just for large-scale high performance platforms but also in the context of multi-cores architectures. Under ccNUMA, data placement may influence overall application performance significantly as references resolved locally to a processor/core impose lower latencies than remote ones. This paper develops a novel hardware-assisted page placement paradigm based on automated tracing of the memory references made by application threads. Two placement schemes, modeling both single-level and multi-level latencies, allocate pages near processors that most frequently access that memory page. These schemes leverage performance monitoring capabilities of contemporary microprocessors to efficiently extract an approximate trace of memory accesses.

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