Focus: Accessing Oil Spill Damage
The paper discusses about Oil spills that pose serous threats to marine and freshwater ecosystems. A spill can harm plankton, birds, and mammals. Fish and shellfish larvae are extremely sensitive to even small amounts of oil. Sea otters and other mammals lose their insulation when coated with oil. They suffer lung, liver and kidney damage. Birds coated with oil may survive if rescued, but show long-term health effects, such as breeding problems. The paper concludes with some processes to prevent spilling and protect the marine environment.