Banking

Foreclosure's Wake: The Credit Experiences Of Individuals Following Foreclosure

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Executive Summary

While a substantial literature has examined the causes of mortgage foreclosure, there has been relatively little work on the consequences of foreclosure for the borrowers themselves. Using a large sample of anonymous credit bureau records, observed quarterly from 1999Q1 through 2010Q1, the authors examine the credit experiences of almost 350,000 borrowers before and after their mortgage foreclosure. Their analysis documents the substantial declines in credit scores that accompany foreclosure and examines the length of time it takes individuals to return their credit scores to pre-delinquency levels. The results suggest that, particularly for prime borrowers, credit score recovery comes slowly, if at all.

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