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This paper investigates the role of corporate taxation with respect to a multinational's investment decision, in which the multinational can pursue either a direct or an indirect investment strategy. The latter involves at least three corporate entities and opens up enhanced opportunities for international tax planning. The existence of preferential tax treatment for conduit or intermediate corporate entities presumably changes the role of corporate taxation in destination countries, because it supports multinationals in avoiding taxes. The empirical findings of this paper are consistent with theoretical predictions and suggest that tax effects differ, depending on the investment regime. The endogeneity of the structural choice-direct versus indirect-is taken into account by a switching regression approach.
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