Mobility

Formal Analysis of the DNS Bandwidth Amplification Attack and Its Countermeasures Using Probabilistic Model Checking

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Executive Summary

The DNS Bandwidth Amplification Attack (BAA) is a distributed denial of service attack in which a network of computers (zombies) flood a DNS server with responses to requests that have never been made. Amplification enters into the attack by virtue of the fact that a small 60-byte request can be answered by a substantially larger response of 4,000 bytes or more in size. The authors use the PRISM probabilistic model checker to introduce a Continuous Time Markov Chain model of the DNS BAA and three recently proposed countermeasures, and to perform an extensive cost-benefit analysis of the countermeasures.

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