Fractals in Network Traffic Engineering
A fractal is a recursively generated object having a fractional dimension and self-similarity. It provides a good tool for modeling some of real world processes. Fractals have a wide variety of applications in the area of synthesis, analysis and miniaturization. In this paper, the authors provide a comprehensive overview of fractal geometry and their application in antenna and network traffic engineering. The network traffic exhibits properties of self-similarity, negative correlation, and heavy-tailedness, which are succinctly analyzed and accurately modelled using fractals. The Matlab simulation results reveal that the degree of self-similarity (Hurst index) affects the performance of multimedia traffic.