Frequency Domain Joint TOA and DOA Estimation in IR-UWB
This paper addresses the problem of TOA and DOA estimation in IR-UWB systems. It considers a frequency domain approach for joint high resolution estimation of Time Of Arrival (TOA) and Direction Of Arrival (DOA). The proposed scheme performs timing acquisition following a two step approach: a first stage where coarse symbol timing is achieved by means of chip energy estimation and a minimum distance criterion based on the time-hopping sequence knowledge, followed by a reduced complexity high-resolution TOA estimator that provides fine timing acquisition. The proposed algorithm can resolve time synchronization blindly, without the need for channel estimation and can operate on a single symbol basis.