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Game Theory (GT) is a mathematical method that describes the phenomenon of conflict and cooperation between intelligent rational decision-makers. In particular, the theory has been proven very useful in the design of Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs). This paper surveys the recent developments and findings of GT, its applications in WSNs, and provides the community a general view of this vibrant research area. The authors first introduce the typical formulation of GT in the WSN application domain. The roles of GT are described that include routing protocol design, topology control, power control and energy saving, packet forwarding, data collection, spectrum allocation, bandwidth allocation, quality of service control, coverage optimization, WSN security, and other sensor management tasks.
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