Date Added: Aug 2010
Location based routing protocols are the kinds of routing protocols, which use of nodes' location information, instead of links' information for routing. They are also known as position based routing. In position based routing protocols, it is supposed that the packet source node has position information of itself and its neighbors and packet destination node. In recent years, many location based routing protocols have been developed for ad hoc and sensor networks. In this paper, the authors shall present the concept of location-based routing protocol, its advantages and disadvantages. They shall also look into two popular location-based protocols: Geographic Adaptive Fidelity (GAF) and Geographic and Energy Aware Routing (GEAR).