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Nowadays, the bottom-up approach to management is becoming more and more popular. More and more, organisations are abandoning the top-down management style. The essence of the top-down approach is that all the directions come from the top. The top management establishes project objectives and provides guidelines, information, plans and funding processes. The manager clearly communicates his expectations to each project team member. To advocates of this approach, ambiguity opens the door for potential failure, so managers should be as specific as possible when communicating their expectations.
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