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In this paper, the authors focus specifically on entrepreneurial attitudes, activity and aspirations in the Netherlands. Hereby, they follow the entrepreneurial engagement ladder, consisting of latent entrepreneurship, early-stage entrepreneurial activity, established business activity and entrepreneurial exits. In order to measure early-stage entrepreneurial activity in a country, GEM developed the Total early-stage Entrepreneurial Activity rate, abbreviated as the TEA. This rate includes both the prevalence of nascent entrepreneurs and that of owner-managers of young or new businesses.
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