Business Intelligence

Growth With Time Zone Differences

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Executive Summary

The authors propose a two-country growth model of intermediate business-services trade that captures the role of time zone differences. It is shown that a time-saving improvement in intermediate business-services trade involving production in different time zones can have a permanent impact on productivity. In recent decades, trade in many kinds of intermediate goods and services has increased between developed and developing countries. In particular, the offshoring of business services such as engineering, consulting, and software development, which do not require physical shipments of products, plays a major role in today's world trade. The availability of the global high-bandwidth network infrastructure has increased the feasibility of reducing costs by going offshore.

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