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Has ICT Polarized Skill Demand? Evidence From Eleven Countries Over 25 Years

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Executive Summary

OECD labor markets have become more "Polarized" with employment in the middle of the skill distribution falling relative to the top and (in recent years) also the bottom of the skill distribution. The authors test the hypothesis of Autor, Levy, and Murnane (2003) that this is partly due to Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) complementing the analytical tasks primarily performed by highly educated workers and substituting for routine tasks generally performed by middle educated workers (with little effect on low educated workers performing manual non-routine tasks).

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