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Future heterogeneous single-ISA multi-core processors will have an edge in potential performance per watt over comparable homogeneous processors. To fully tap into that potential, the OS scheduler needs to be heterogeneity-aware, so it can match jobs to cores according to characteristics of both. The authors propose a Heterogeneity-Aware Signature-Supported scheduling algorithm that does the matching using per-thread architectural signatures, which are compact summaries of threads' architectural properties collected offline. The resulting algorithm does not rely on dynamic profiling, and is comparatively simple and scalable. They implemented HASS in OpenSolaris, and achieved average workload speedups of up to 13%, matching best static assignment, achievable only by an oracle.
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