Heuristic Approaches With Energy Management for Node Placement in Wireless Sensor Networks
In wireless sensor network, Device placement is a key factor for determining the coverage, connectivity, and cost along with lifetime. Managing the sensor nodes is not much easier while comparing mobile ad-hoc networks. But the same approach can be implemented to manage the WSN. Addressing the management of the whole network is omitted and a probabilistic scheme where only a subset of nodes is managed is provided for light-weight and efficient management. Relay node placement in heterogeneous WSN are formulated using a generalized node placement optimization problem to minimize the network cost with lifetime constraint, and connectivity. Based on the constraints two scenarios are used.