Hidden Markov Process Based Dynamic Spectrum Access for Cognitive Radio
Cognitive radio is an emerging technology for sensing and dynamic access of spectrum in mobile radio environments. It aims at dynamically allocating unused bandwidth among secondary users without causing harmful interference to the primary users. This approach, which has clear economical benefits, has recently attracted significant research effort. In this paper, the authors propose a new approach to dynamic spectrum access in which the occupancy state of each frequency band at each time instant is estimated, and available bands are allocated accordingly. Estimation is performed from power spectral density measurements which are assumed to obey a hidden Markov process.