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The application of photonics in computing and information processing has been discussed over the past several decades. Impacted current computing systems consist of intra- and inter-chip interconnections that rely upon the flow of photons, thereby solving the communication problem between logic devices. In addition, photonics can also reduce the total operating energy of a digital logic system and the physical size of a chip. The influence of nano-technology in integrated optics - the third generation of photonic device technology - not only solves the ever-increasing data-transfer capacity problem, speeding-up electronic computer processing, but also allows computer chips to be miniaturized, enabling these data to route in sub-wavelength dimensions.
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