HIPAA Compliance in Home Health: A Neo-Institutional Theoretic Perspective

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As the baby boomers age and the focus of healthcare shifts from acute care to chronic care, home healthcare will become increasingly important in controlling cost and improving quality. Health IT will undoubtedly play critical role toward these goals. Yet, growing adoption of Health IT raises important questions related to privacy and security of protected health information, necessitating a better understanding of compliance to HIPAA regulation, which mandates privacy and security safeguards by care providers. This paper investigates the prevalence of HIPAA compliance in home healthcare to identify drivers influencing HIPAA compliance in home health agencies. When a new regulation is introduced, organizations respond by changing their business practices and adopting new processes and infrastructure to comply with requirements set forth by regulation.