HopScotch-A Low-Power Renewable Energy Base Station Network for Rural Broadband Access
The provision of adequate broadband access to communities in sparsely populated rural areas has in the past been severely restricted. In this paper, the authors present a wireless broadband access testbed running in the Scottish Highlands and Islands which is based on a relay network of low-power base stations. Base stations are powered by a combination of renewable sources creating a low cost and scalable solution suitable for community ownership. The use of the 5 GHz bands allows the network to offer large data rates and the testing of ultra high frequency "White space" bands provides expansive coverage whilst reducing the number of base stations or required transmission power.