How Costly Is Diversity? Affirmative Action In Light Of Gender Differences In Competitiveness
Affirmative action is often criticized for causing reverse discrimination and lowering the qualifications of those selected under the policy. However the magnitude of such adverse effects depends on whether the best suited candidate is hired absent the policy. Indeed an attraction of affirmative action is that it can compensate for the distortion discrimination imposes on the selection of candidates. This paper examines whether affirmative action may have a similar corrective effect when some of the best qualified individuals fail to apply for the job.