How Do Trade, Foreign Investment, And Technology Affect Employment Patterns In Organized Indian Manufacturing?

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The paper investigates into the impact of trade, foreign investment, and technology on three different employment patterns in India's organized manufacturing sector. These employment patterns cover three disadvantage categories of workers viz., women vis-?-vis men workers, contract vis-?-vis regular workers and unskilled vis-?-vis skilled workers. A conceptual and empirical framework has been developed linking these employment patterns to trade, foreign investment, and technology, and tested for a sample of Indian industries. The research suggests that trade has been employment promoting for women and unskilled workers while it has remain neutral between contract and regular workers.