How Foundations Think: The Ford Foundation As A Dominating Institution In The Field Of American Business Schools
In this paper there are two primary factors that can cause institutions to change. First, institutional entrepreneurs, including individual actors or small group of actors, are able to think and act outside the confines of their institutional context, and therefore, mobilize change in directions that favor new sets of interests. A second factor which contributes to institutional change are the processes endogenous to the everyday functioning of institutions, such as the loose coupling between formal and informal practices or the contested meanings in the adoption of new practices. While both research approaches have been quite productive and provocative, some scholars have raised concerns about this turn in institutional research.