How IT-Enabled Supply Chain Integration Is Achieved for Supply Chain Agility: An Institutional-Political Perspective
Although inter-organizational information system can facilitate supply chain integration and supply chain agility, unintended outcomes may occur if partners possess distinct knowledge about the use of IOS. Based on Foucault's theory of power/knowledge, institutional theory and resource dependence theory, the authors analyze how various power relations work together to facilitate the institutionalization of IT-enabled supply chain integration. Institutional pressures are posited to increase legitimacy of IT-enabled supply chain integration, which can fix firms' disposition to use IOS for supply chain process integration. Yet, local factors still may hinder firms from doing so.