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This paper provides a study of internal rural urban migration and returning migration in China. Since the economy reform in the early 1980s, about 130 million of rural residents move to metropolitan area either temporarily or permanently - known as the "Floating population". Migrant workers have powered China's economic success by providing cheap labor for the country's rapidly growing infrastructure and dominant low-priced exports. The incomes they bring home have helped spread prosperity from the booming cities into the relatively poor countryside. In this paper, the author formulates a model that is both descriptive and analytical with respect to the mechanism through which rural agents' occupational choices are made, which further determines the form and length of migration.
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