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Controls on human mobility and efforts to undermine them continue to shape South Africa's politics, economy, and society. Despite the need for improved policy responses to human mobility, reform is hindered by lack of capacity, misinformation, and anti-migrant sentiments within and outside of government. This paper outlines these trends and tensions by providing a broad overview of the limited demographic and socio-economic data available on migration to and within South Africa. Doing so highlights the spatialised aspects of human mobility, trends centered on and around the country's towns and cities. It also finds significant development potential in international migrants' skills and entrepreneurialism.
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