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HURP/HURBA: Zero-Configuration Hierarchical Up/Down Routing and Bridging Architecture for Ethernet Backbones and Campus Networks

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Executive Summary

Ethernet switched networks do not scale appropriately due to limitations inherent to the spanning tree protocol. Ethernet architectures based on routing over a virtual topology in which turns are prohibited offer improved performance over spanning tree, although in some cases suffer from excessive computational complexity. Up/Down routing is a turn prohibition algorithm with low computational complexity. In this paper, the authors propose HURBA, a new layer-two architecture that improves Up/Down routing performance due to an optimization based on the use of hierarchical addressing, while preserving the computational complexity of Up/Down. The resulting architecture requires zero-configuration, uses the same frame format as Ethernet, allows upgrades by software update, and is compatible with 802.1D bridges by means of encapsulation.

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