Hybrid TW-TOA/TDOA Positioning Algorithms for Cooperative Wireless Networks
The problem of positioning an unknown target is studied for a cooperative wireless sensor network using hybrid two-way time-of-arrival and time-difference-of-arrival measurements. A Maximum Likelihood Estimator (MLE) can be employed to solve the problem. Due to the non-linear nature of the cost function in the MLE, a numerical method, e.g., an iterative search algorithm with a good initial point, should be taken to accurately estimate the target. To avoid drawbacks in a numerical method, the authors instead linearize the measurements and obtain a new two-step estimator that has a closed-form solution in each step.