Identification of Low-Level Point Radioactive Sources Using a Sensor Network

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Executive Summary

Identification of a low-level point radioactive source amidst background radiation is achieved by a network of radiation sensors using a two-step approach. Based on measurements from three or more sensors, a geometric difference triangulation method or an N-sensor localization method is used to estimate the location and strength of the source. Then a sequential probability ratio test based on current measurements and estimated parameters is employed to finally decide: the presence of a source with the estimated parameters, or the absence of the source, or the insufficiency of measurements to make a decision.

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