IEEE 802.11 Based MAC Improvements for MANET
Broadcasting is one of the essential communication models of MANETs. Many MANET multicast routing protocols rely heavily upon MAC layer's broadcast support. However, the broadcast mechanism of the standard IEEE 802.11 cannot provide reliable broadcasting service. This paper improves the IEEE 802.11 broadcast mechanism's reliability by introducing the new layer of MAC called Dual MAC. Multihop ad-hoc wireless networks offer great challenges for protocol designers. Stations in such networks are constrained by factors like low power, limited bandwidth, link errors, and collisions. Changes are needed at various levels of the protocol stack, most importantly at the Medium Access Layer (MAC).