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In this paper, the authors analyze the effect of immigrants on native jobs in fourteen Western European countries. They test whether the inflow of immigrants in the period 1996-2007 decreased employment rates and/or if it altered the occupational distribution of natives with similar education and age. They find no evidence of the first but significant evidence of the second: immigrants took "Simple" (manual-routine) type of occupations and natives moved, in response, toward more "Complex" (abstract-communication) jobs. The results are robust to the use of an IV strategy based on past settlement of different nationalities of immigrants across European countries.
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