Impact of the Gauss-Markov Mobility Model on Network Connectivity, Lifetime and Hop Count of Routes for Mobile Ad hoc Networks

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A Mobile Ad hoc NETwork (MANET) is a dynamically distributed system of mobile wireless nodes. The network bandwidth is limited and the transmitted signals are prone to interference and collision as the medium is shared. The transmission range of a node is often limited because of limited battery power with the nodes. Hence, multi-hop routing is a common feature in MANETs. Due to node mobility, there is unlikely to be a single fixed route throughout the duration of a source-destination session.