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High Speed Uplink Packet Access (HSUPA) is an extension of the Universal Mobile Telecommunications System (UMTS) technology of 3GPP Rel-99, with the objective increasing the data rate (up to 5.76 Mbps) and reducing the latency of the uplink. 3GPP UMTS standard Rel-6 introduces a new "Enhanced Dedicated CHannel" (EDCH) for the uplink. The main focus of this paper is to analyze the effect of TNL congestion control on the HSUPA performance. The congestion control function works together with the scheduler and HARQ functionality in order to control the offered load to the TNL network. In this manner, the data flow over the Transport Network Layer (TNL) is adequately controlled and limited to the available TNL capacity by avoiding congestion in the transport network.
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