Implementation and Benchmarking of Hardware Accelerators for Ciphering in LTE Terminals

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Executive Summary

In this paper, the authors investigate hardware implementations of ciphering algorithms, SNOW 3G and the Advanced Encryption Standard (AES), for the acceleration of the protocol stack layer 2 in the 3G Long Term Evolution (LTE). This analysis is based on timing requirements from execution time measurements in a simulated mobile phone platform, where they apply data rates of 100 Mbit/s and above (200 and 300 Mbit/s) to account for LTE and beyond LTE investigations. Different architectures for both algorithms are explored in order to meet the performance requirements, while keeping the power and area budget at a reasonable level. Therefore, a hardware analysis is done using a standard cell library of Faraday's 90nm CMOS technology.

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