Date Added: Jan 2011
Mobile Ad hoc wireless NETworks (MANETs) that do not need any fixed infrastructure. They are characterized by dynamic topology due to node mobility, limited channel bandwidth, and limited battery power of nodes. The key challenge in the design of ad hoc networks is the development of dynamic routing protocols that can efficiently find routes between two communicating nodes. Thus, many ad hoc routing protocols have been proposed in recent years. All these routing protocols attempt to provide a high data packet delivery ratio and low routing control traffic at the same time. These routing protocols can be classified into three categories: proactive, reactive and hybrid routing protocols.