Date Added: Jul 2011
WSN consisting of a large number of small sensors with low-power transceivers can be an effective tool for gathering data in a variety of environments. As sensor nodes are deployed in sensing field, they can help people to monitor and aggregate data. Researchers also try to find more efficient ways of utilizing limited energy of sensor node in order to give longer life time of WSNs. Network lifetime, scalability, and load balancing are important requirements for many data gathering sensor network applications. Therefore, many protocols are introduced for better performance. The lack of infrastructure and dynamic nature of mobile ad hoc networks demand new networking strategies to be implemented in order to provide efficient end-to-end communication.