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In a mobile ad hoc network, temporary link failures and route changes occur frequently. With the assumption that all packet losses are due to congestion, TCP performs poorly in such an environment. There are many versions of TCP which modified time to time as per need. In this paper modifications introduced on TCP New Reno over mobile ad-hoc networks using calculation of New Retransmission Time Out (RTO), to improve performance in term of congestion control. To calculate New RTO, Adaptive Backoff Response Approach (ABRA) in TCP New Reno was applied which suggest ABRA New Reno. It utilizes an ABRA by which congestion window and slow start threshold values were decreased whenever an acknowledgement is received and new backoff value calculate from smoothed round trip time.
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