Improved Error Protection for Uplink Control Signaling in 3GPP-LTE Via Complex-Field Coding
The authors study the uplink control signaling in 3GPP-Long Term Evolution (LTE) systems. Specifically, they propose a precoding method that uses Complex-Field Coding (CFC) to improve the performance of the PUCCH format 2 control signaling. In the case of perfect Channel State Information (CSI) at the receiver and with a single receive antenna, the proposed method offers significant gains compared to the coding currently used in 3GPP-LTE. However the gains are marginal with two receive antennas. In order to examine the impact of channel estimation errors, they also derive the optimal detector for the case of imperfect receiver CSI, both for conventional coding and for the proposed CFC method.