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To overcome the problem that the transmission rate of a multicast channel is limited by the user with the worst channel quality, which causes the total system throughput to be low, the use of both multicast and unicast channels for multicast service is considered in this paper. Unicast channels, in addition to a multicast channel, are allocated to users with Signal-to-Noise Ratios (SNRs) lower than a predefined threshold in order to enable the increase of the transmission rate of the multicast channel. The used unicast channels consume additional radio resource. It is examined whether use of such unicast channels can raise the spectral efficiency defined as the total system throughput normalized by the total consumed bandwidth.
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