Mobility

Indoor Localization: Automatically Constructing Today's Radio Map by iRobot and RFIDs

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Executive Summary

For outdoor localization, GPS already provides a satisfactory solution. For indoor localization, however, a globally usable solution is still missing. One promising direction that is proposed recently is the fingerprinting-based solution. It involves a training phase to collect the Radio Signal Strength (RSS) patterns in fields where localization is needed into a database (called radio map). The radio signal could be from WiFi access points, GSM base stations, or other RF-based networks. Then, during the positioning phase, an object which is interested in its own location can collect its current RSS pattern and compare it against the radio map established in the training phase to identify its possible location.

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