Infiltrating WALEDAC Botnet's Covert Operations: Effective Social Engineering, Encrypted HTTP2P Communications, and Fast-Fluxing Network

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Executive Summary

The WALEDAC botnet has been involved in an almost continuous spate of spam runs since researchers discovered it in December 2008. Their creators routinely take advantage of various real-world events and occasions, using them as social engineering ploys to trick users into performing certain actions. This botnet has the ability to update details such as the subject line and the message body in the spam they send and even has the capability to update versions and communication proxies. This vast umbrella of compromised computers whose owners are often unaware of the misuse of their system resources for malicious distributed-computing activities, thus continuing to expand the botnet's reach and improves its ability to penetrate additional systems all over the world.

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