Information Technology in Innovation Activity of the Firm: Theory and Synthesis
In light of Information Technology (IT) increasingly leading to enterprise transformation in contemporary firms, the authors aim to build a theory of IT-enabled capabilities in innovation activity of the firm. For so doing, they extensively review almost five hundred innovation studies in organization and IS literature and conduct a thematic analysis to identify theoretical underpinnings of innovation research. Based on a solid understanding of the literature, they then derive a typology of different perspectives on innovation activity to categorize the themes (theoretical underpinnings). From an angle of enterprise transformation, they view innovation as a form of organizational change aiming to improve certain organizational outcomes.