Institutional Pressures And Organizational Characteristics: Implications For Environmental Strategy

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A broad literature has emerged over the past decades demonstrating that firms' environmental strategies and practices are influenced by stakeholders and institutional pressures. Such findings are consistent with institutional sociology, which emphasizes the importance of regulatory, normative and cognitive factors in shaping firms' decisions to adopt specific organizational practices, above and beyond their technical efficiency. Similarly, institutional theory emphasizes legitimating processes and the tendency for institutionalized organizational structures and procedures to be taken for granted, regardless of their efficiency implications.