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European identity has moved from a possible outcome of integration to a force determining the level of future integration, because without some identification with Europe on the part of the citizens, the political actors will not move forward. The founders, in their plans to foster Europeanism, were able to appeal to elites who would agree with collective decision-making at a supranational level. The transformation and politicization of the EU over time has taken that "Luxury" from officials and forced them to enhance the attachment of the mass public to the EU.
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