Intelligent Placement of Datacenters for Internet Services
Popular Internet services are hosted by multiple geographically distributed datacenters. The location of the datacenters has a direct impact on the services' response times, capital and operational costs, and (indirect) carbon dioxide emissions. Selecting a location involves many important considerations, including its proximity to population centers, power plants, and network backbones; the source of the electricity in the region; the electricity, land, and water prices at the location; and the average temperatures at the location. As there can be many potential locations and many issues to consider for each of them, the selection process can be extremely involved and time-consuming.