Internationalization of European SMEs Towards Emerging Markets
Emerging markets used to be closed economies that have only recently begun opening up their markets to the world economy. In addition to Multi-National Enterprises (MNEs) Small and Medium-sized Enterprises (SMEs) from developed countries have also started to undertake international activities in emerging markets. This paper investigates whether SMEs from higher-income European countries that operate in emerging markets are different from SMEs that operate exclusively in other developed markets e.g. in terms of their firm characteristics, internationalization motives and perceived internationalization barriers.