Internet Nameserver IPv4 and IPv6 Address Relationships
The modern Domain Name System (DNS) provides not only resolution, but also enables intelligent client routing, e.g. for Content Distribution Networks (CDNs). The adoption of IPv6 presents CDNs the opportunity to utilize different paths when optimizing traffic, and the challenge of appropriately mapping IPv6 DNS queries. This paper seeks to discover the associations between Internet DNS client resolver IPv6 addresses and IPv4 addresses. The authors design and implement two new techniques, one passive and one active, to gather resolver pairings. The passive technique, deployed in Akamai's production DNS infrastructure, opportunistically discovered 674k (IPv4, IPv6) associated address pairs within a six-month period.