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Round Trip Times (RTTs) play an important role in Internet measurements. In this paper, authors explore some of the ways in which routing policies impact RTTs. In particular, they investigate how routing policies for both intra- and inter-domain routing can naturally give rise to violations of the triangle inequality with respect to RTTs. Triangle Inequality Violations (TIVs) might be exploited by overlay routing if an end-to-end forwarding path can be stitched together with paths routed at layer 3. However, TIVs pose a problem for Internet Coordinate Systems that attempt to associate Internet hosts with points in Euclidean space so that RTTs between hosts are accurately captured by distances between their associated points.
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